These are the posts that I got started this year, but I never completed. Design/text issues are "as is". Enjoy!
1/25/08: Debbie's 120 (Video)
4/20/08: Steinhart Aquarium & Matt Wandell
5/23/08: Mysteri Wrasse
The Psuedochellinus mysterii is commonly known as the Mystery Wrasse or Five bar Wrasse. This fish gets its name as nothing much is known in detail about it as they are rarely collected. As the name signifies the Mystery Wrasse fish has a unique 5 lines on its attractive body. They share some resemblance with the behavior of 6 line wrasse fish. Most of the Mystery Wrasse fish has white bands running over its reddish maroon body. Its face has yellow, blue and purple outline that adds to the mystic beauty of this Mystery Wrasse fish. This wrasse fish has a unique, distinctly noticeable eyespot enveloped by bright yellow colour, on its green tail. This feature puts its predator into trouble as they get confused between the fish’s head and tail. To protect themselves from the predators, they are equipped with spiny fins. The Mystery Wrasse fish has thick lips and powerful jaws to crush its prey.
The Mystery Wrasse is a rare salt water fish that could be easily maintained. But very little is known about this fish as they live deep in the see. This hardy fish is of high demand in the pet fish market. This fish will bury itself into the sand bed when intimidated by predators. So, an ideal fish tank would require sand substrate or algae bed. The Mystery Wrasse fish is known for its reef compatibility and good appetite. This is a peace loving community fish. As they have a tendency to jump out of the tank while mating or when frightened the tank should be properly covered.
An ideal fish for the reef aquarium, this recently described species was collected for the trade long before it was described. Once thought to occur only in a few isolated areas, it has been recorded from Australia, Marshall Islands and other locations throughout the Indo-Pacific. Found only in deep water, further exploration will likely expand its range. Bold and hardy with a great appetite, The Five Bar Wrasse is ideal for the reef or fish only aquarium. Also known as "Mystery Wrasse" and "Tail Spot Wrasse".
The beautiful Mystery Wrasse, also known as the Whitebarred Wrasse, is distinctly different from the other lined wrasses. Rather than sporting the horizontal lines that this group of fish are recognized for, this wrasse has slender vertical white bars that get even thinner as it matures, sometimes even fading on the adult. Divers and scientists have been familiar with this wrasse for a couple of decades, but it is newer to the aquarium hobby than most of the wrasses. It was first described by Randall in 1999. Though not as much information has been gathered on this wrasse, comparing it to the other lined wrasses is a logical way of determining the husbandry of these very expensive and small wrasses.
The Mystery Wrasse has all the characteristics to make it a great addition to the marine aquarium. It is not only attractive, hardy, and easy to maintain, but is also compatible with many other species of fish and many types of invertebrates. Though small in size, they are also quite capable in competing for food and quite adept at munching on pyramidellid snails, bristleworms, and commensal flatworms. Mystery Wrasses are diurnal, which means they are active by day and sleep at night. They are very secretive in the wild, preferring dark areas of the reef. They do not bury themselves in the sand and will use a cocoon if they feel threatened when they sleep.
Though lined wrasses are a shy fish in the wild, once they become acclimated to the home aquarium they are quite boisterous. They are fine in a community setting but may become aggressive towards new fish added to their established territory. In general, it is best to keep lined wrasses with larger or more aggressive fish and to make a single lined wrasse the last addition to the aquarium. They do not co-habitat well with other lined wrasses.
8/29/08: Chicago: John G. Shedd Aquarium Visit
I had the opportunity to spend a half a day at the John G. Shedd Aquarium in Chicago a couple of weeks ago. The Shedd Aquarium was built in 1930 prior to Chicago's World Fair and is the largest indoor aquarium in the world and the home to over 1,500 species of fish and mammals. The half day there was in no way enough time for me to explore the entire facility. The architecture is very unique for the period that the building was built. John G. Shedd wanted as many details throughout the building to represent the ocean. Shedd Aquarium rises like a temple on the shore of Lake Michigan. A broad staircase leads to heavy bronze doors. The floor plan is traditional Greek. The foyer looks very Roman.
The Caribbean Reef display was built in 1971 on the site of Shedd’s very first exhibit, the tropical pool.
10/16/08: Birch Aquarium @ Scripps Institute of Oceanography
I made a quick trip down to San Diego last week (out of Los Angeles) to re-new my business membership at Birch Aquarium, UCSD's Scripps Institute of Oceanography. I have been to many public aquariums but find the Birch Aquarium one of my absolute favorites.
The aquarium was established in 1903 after the Marine Biological Association of San Diego was created to conduct marine research in the local waters of the Pacific Ocean. Its name was later changed to Scripps Institution of Oceanography to honor supporters Ellen Browning Scripps and E.W. Scripps, part of the Scripps family of newspaper pioneers. The founders built and maintained a small public aquarium and museum to communicate their discoveries to the world.
The researchers outgrew their modest laboratory in the boathouse of the Hotel del Coronado and moved to a small laboratory at La Jolla Cove in 1905. Several years later, the association purchased 174 acres at La Jolla Shores for $1,000 at a public auction from the city of San Diego. The first permanent building at the new site was constructed in 1910. Today, this building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
In 1915, the first building devoted solely to an aquarium was built on the Scripps campus. The small, wooden structure contained 19 tanks ranging in size from 96 to 228 gallons. The oceanographic museum was located in a nearby building. The institution's name changed to Scripps Institution of Oceanography in 1925 to recognize the growing faculty's widened range of studies.
The Scripps Aquarium-Museum opened in 1951 and named to honor former institution director T. Wayland Vaughan. The three-story facility served the institution for more than 40 years. A ring of 18 tanks, the largest at 2,000 gallons, surrounded a central museum of glass exhibit cases displaying Scripps research projects. Within a month of its opening, visitors from all 48 states had signed the guest book.
In 1985, Stephen and Mary Birch Foundation kicked off a fund-raising effort for a new aquarium by donating $6 million. JCJ Architecture of San Diego was selected as the design architect and in 1992, the current $14 million Birch Aquarium at Scripps opened its doors. University of California San Diego donated the land.
Here are some of my favorite photos from my visit.
The Scripps Pier
The original, wooden Scripps Pier was built in 1915-16 and was 1,000 feet long. The new, reinforced-concrete pier, at a length of 1,084 feet, was built in 1988 alongside the original pier, which was then removed. Data about ocean conditions and plankton have been taken from off the Pier continuously since 1916 and provide an unparalleled source of information on the coastal Pacific Ocean. In the 1940s the aquarium curator fished from the old pier to catch specimens for display. Small boats can be launched from the far end of the pier for projects in the kelp beds and the Scripps and La Jolla submarine canyons. Ansel Adams Scripps Pier 1966
Seawater is pumped up from the end of the pier, then filtered and stored in holding tanks, providing a supply of fresh seawater to Scripps laboratories and aquariums, including the tanks in the Birch Aquarium at Scripps.
The rental price of the Scripps Pier is $15,000 per event.
10/05/08: The Conscientious Marin Aquarist - Revised & Updated Second Edition
Bob Fenner's "The Conscientious Marin Aquarist (CMA)" must be the atlas for keeping marine animals." From Amazon.com
10/25/08: Spawninig Kokanee: Taylor Creek, Lake Tahoe
Running from Fallen Leaf Lake to Kiva Beach at Lake Tahoe is Taylor Creek. What was once an ordinary alpine stream is now one of Lake Tahoe's most popular attractions. The entire area, from the profile chamber to Kiva Beach, is great for kids. The National Forest Service has created interpretive hiking trails throughout the meadow where the creek approaches Lake Tahoe. The Lake Tahoe Basin Management Unit Visitors Center is located at the focus of these trails. The main attraction, however, is the stream profile chamber, which gives a glimpse into the alpine stream habitat. On the west side of Highway 89 the stream is a bit more rugged, but it is far from remote. Hiking along the creek there are numerous signs of human involvement, including Fallen Leaf Lake Campground. The biggest sign you'll find is the locks controlling the flow from Fallen Leaf Lake. The creek is the only spawning habitat for Tahoe's Kokanee Salmon, a landlocked version of the Sockeye. The fish are very successful here, to the point that the area is used to produce fry to stock other California lakes. Every year (beginning of October), the Forest Service plays host to the Kokanee Festival to educate and celebrate the spawning season.